Recently, Beijing proposed to develop rental dormitory-type dormitory, increase supply, standardize management, and strengthen security, in order to better solve the housing problem of urban migrant workers.
The life of a group dormitory is the memory of several generations of people. In the era of planned economy and the beginning of reform and opening up, regardless of government agencies, institutions or state-owned enterprises, most of the employees who have just worked and have not been assigned to their family buildings are living in the dormitory. After that, the marketization of housing gradually advanced, and most urban residents either bought commercial houses, lived in affordable housing, or rented houses in the market. The collective dormitory gradually drifted away.
The “return” of collective housing is also the need for industrial transformation and urban change.
In these years, for migrant workers, the problem of “living” has always existed. Some people work in construction sites and live in movable board houses, temporary buildings and even modified containers. Although there is a place to stay, the conditions are difficult to say. Some people enter the industrial enterprise, and the unit does not "package and eat", they have to find their own accommodation. Especially in the service industries such as cleaning, property, catering, etc., most of the practitioners are undecided and drifting away. This problem will become more prominent as the proportion of the service industry increases and the urbanization process advances.
At the same time, in recent years, many cities have taken measures such as rectifying group renting houses and renovating urban villages. This is conducive to the city to improve its appearance, maintain public safety, and achieve long-term development, but objectively reduce the supply of low-cost housing to a certain extent, resulting in some workers have to move away from the city center, live farther and farther, and even commute daily commute Tens of kilometers, the quality of life is greatly reduced.
Living is a hard need of people. In order to enhance the long-term attraction and enhance the happiness of the people, a city should provide housings that are suitable for different groups of income as much as possible, and solve the worries of migrant workers and low-income people as much as possible. The specific ideas adopted by Beijing in the development of collective dormitory are worth learning from other cities.
For example, in order to increase supply, it is not simply to make an article on the increase, but to subtly revitalize the stock. In many industrial parks today, there are scattered idle factories, shopping malls and office buildings. When there is no more suitable project, it will be converted into a dormitory, which can effectively meet the demand, avoid waste of resources, and do its best to make the best use of the room.
Another example is that in order to standardize management, it is no longer necessary to “block” and effectively “sparse”. In the past, all localities have put a lot of effort into rectifying group renting houses, but there are "policies on the policy and countermeasures under it". It is repeated because there is demand in the market. Blocking is not as good as it is. It is necessary to build a group of dormitory that meets the relevant standards of the management department, pass strict fire and safety inspections, and is constructed and operated by professional leasing institutions and construction enterprises. With a standard, safe, hygienic and stable place to live, who will take the risk to live in a group?
Looking forward to the future, in order to let the leased collective dormitory fall to the ground, we should carefully design the overall design and plan the operation mode.
The first is a clear orientation. Collective dormitories have a public welfare color, but to develop well, they must also comply with market rules, and use tools such as early subsidies and tax reductions to allow construction and operation enterprises to make money and attract more social capital to participate.
The second is precise policy. The rented collective dormitory is a new thing. If you build it, you will not quench your thirst. If you build it, it will create new idleness. It will be built too badly and no one will live. If you rent it cheaply and don’t make money, it will be built too well and rent too expensive. Deviate from reality. To this end, local government departments should thoroughly understand the appeals of employers and workers during the “draft”, repeatedly refine and gradually improve, determine the most appropriate construction scale, promotion rhythm and rent level, so as to really do a good job. The collective dormitory is built on the heart of the migrant workers.