Modularization is a new standardization model developed in the late 20th century and is an effective means to achieve sustainable development of green energy-efficient buildings and residential industries. The so-called modular design is to decompose the system into relatively independent standard modules. Through unified design rules, the boundary conditions of each module's excuses technology, geometry, size and position are standardized, so that each module can evolve while its own technology evolves. The new system is formed by unified interface conditions. Enable product updates to achieve maximum efficiency at the lowest cost.
Modular building, also known as the modular assembly of the space system, is an architectural form consisting of modular construction. All modules should be prefabricated at the factory, and all modular components should be both a structural unit and a spatial unit. The structural unit means that each module has its own structure, which can be independently supported without relying on the outside (it is equivalent to a square box itself); the spatial unit means that the interior of the module is divided into different according to different functional requirements. Space and assembly of different facilities as required (it is equivalent to arranging the necessary facilities for living in the box). After all the modules are prefabricated in the factory, they are transported to the construction site by transportation equipment and hoisted by lifting equipment.
From the concept of modular building, it can be clearly seen that all modular buildings must have the characteristics of mobility. If prefabricated production, transportation, hoisting, installation and disassembly, a series of convenient functions are removed from the premise of being movable. It lost the role of modular architecture. Mobility itself fully reflects the idea of sustainable development, saves resources and materials, can be used repeatedly, and provides a variety of ways for people's lives. This feature also better reflects the human nature of design. Concept.
Modular buildings can be divided into two main categories:
Permanent modular building (PMC) is a permanent building that, once completed, resembles a traditional real estate project in almost any form. Using the PMC process, the modules can be retrofitted to existing buildings, or the project is designed around modular building technology and has been a turnkey solution from the start.
Non-permanent modular building (NPMC) refers to the use of modular technology to create movable buildings and structures, such as mobile classrooms, showrooms or temporary medical clinics. Like the PMC project, NPMC buildings are built to local building codes and regulations, but can be relocated and retrofitted as needed.
Whether using permanent or mobile structures, modular buildings save time, reduce waste, and dramatically increase the efficiency of building multiple building applications.